expect的用法和搭配(except后面加to do还是doing)

expect 及物动词用来表示期待期盼表示希望指望。认为料想这个词由两个音节构成,前面的 ex 两个字母发第一个音节 X 后面的 P1 CP 这四个字母发第二个音节。而这第二个音节如果单独发,应该读作 pecct 但是由于 PA 这个发音出现在了它的后面,所以这个音会浊化成不。因此这个单词它读的是 expect 这个词前面的 ex 是它的前缀,它等同于 out 而后面的 pect 是它的词根等同于 spect 表示看。所以它的字面意思表示都在看,都在翘首以待,所以它有期待的含义。

这个词呢我们除了要把握它本身的含义以外呢,重点要关注一下它的用法。我们说 expect 这个词啊,它后面既可以加名词或代词词这种名词性成分也可以跟不定式, to do 这种形式,还可以跟宾语加宾补的这种形式。这个时候它一般构成 expect somebody to do something 这种句型,所以编谷一般是由 to do something 来充当的。另外它还可以跟从句,我们来看一下相关的例句。

第一句, IM expecting a letter 说我正在期望着一封信,正在等待着一封信。那么 a letter 名词性成分跟在 expect 的后面第二句新 expects to come back next week 他期望下周回来或者是预计下周回来,这个地方就跟了 to come back 这种不定式。下面一句 I expect him to come 我期望他来。那么这个地方跟的是宾语加上兵捕 xexpect somebody to do something 最后一句 I expect that ill be back on Sunday 说我期望我能在星期天回来,这个地方就跟了一个 that 这样的从句。所以 expect 这个词它后面既可以跟名词性成分,也可以跟不定式,还可以跟宾语加宾补,也可以跟从句,这一点我们一定要掌握。

另外与 expect 有着类似意思的词还有两个,一个是 hope 一个是 wait 但是这三个词它们的侧重点是不一样的。 expect 它侧重于预计预期表示可能发生。而 hope 这个词它的重点在于希望两个字表示希望发生,而 wait 这个词就比较简单了,它的重点在于等待,它表示的是时间上的流逝这三个区分我们要分得开。

另外相关的词汇我们掌握一个就可以了,叫 expectation 是它的名词形式结尾这个部分你就可以看得出来它是一个名词,表示期待,表示盼望,表示预期。最后我们来看一个相关的例题,说 teachers expect all the students 什么 progress day by day 说老师们,希望所有他们的学生希望他们的所有学生每天都取得进步,或者说一天天的取得进步。那么这个地方要选一个 expect 它后面到底是跟谁什么样的成分?我们说有四种形式,一种是名词性成分,一种是不定式,还有就是宾语加宾补,还有一种是从句。那这个地方后面已经有了一个宾语的成分了。 there students 后面表示动作的这个兵补我们用不定式 to do something 所以用 to make 或者你也可以记为是 expect somebody to do something 这种句型。所以这个地方选 A 选项。

expect的用法和搭配(except后面加to do还是doing)

expect的用法与搭配是什么?

except,besides,except for用法的关联和区别

1.作介词用法时,这三个词都有"除…之外"的含义,但except常与do/does/did/have/has/hadnothing等词形成搭配用法,或者与全部肯定词all、everything、everyone等连用,或者与全部否定词nothing、nobody等连用,因此except加宾语作介词"除…之外"时常表示从整体中剔除一部分;而besides作"除…之外"时则表示"另外附加"的含义,相当于"in addition to"。试比较下列例句:

1)He did not hing except watch TV yesterday.

2)He said nothing except to smile just now.

3)All the students took at rip except Tom yesterday.

4)We need 3 more persons to finish the job besides/inaddition to us two.

2.作介词用法时的except后可接多种情况的介词短语。在这种情况下,except后的介词是不可省去的,except加介词的实际作用就相当于连词加相关的从句。例如:

1)The weather is fine today except in the northwest.此句相当于:

The weather is fine today except that it is in the northwest.

2)His mother never takes any exercise except on the dance floor.此句相当于:

His mother never takes any exercise except that she has adance on the floor.

需要强调的是except与exceptfor的用法区别:

1)Except后排除的内容与主语往往是同一类的,而exceptfor后所排除的内容与主语往往不是同一类的。例如,试比较:

All the buildings are excellent except this one.

All the buildings are excellent except for their location或者All the buildings are excellent except that the place on which the buid??ings are built is notgood.

2)当except用在句首时往往改用exceptfor。例如:

There was no single person in the dark street that night except apoliceman on his duty.此句相当于:

Except for apoliceman on his duty,there was no single person in the dark street that night.

3.相当于连词用法的except与相当于连词用法的besides的区别仍然保持它们作介词用法的含义。试比较下列例句:

1)Tom is a good student ex??cept that he is careless.此句相当于:Tom is a goods tudent except for his carelessness.

2)Tom seldom comes late to school except when it rains hard.此句相当于:Tom seldom comes late to school except on a heavily rainy day.

except后接什么词?

except后面加to do。

except:

prep.(用于所言不包括的人或事物前)除…之外;

conj.除了;只是;

v.不包括;不计;把…除外;

第三人称单数: excepts现在分词: excepting过去式: excepted过去分词: excepted 扩展资料

  They live in a remote area, inaccessible except by car.

  他们住在一处偏远地区,只能开车去。

  Our dresses were the same except mine was red.

  我们的连衣裙是一样的,只是我的`那件是红色。

(1)except表示“除去,不包括”,强调所排除的“不包括在内”,一般表示同类之间的关系,常同nothing, all, none, nobody, any等不定代词以及every连用。① The office is open every day except Sundays. 除了星期日这家公司每天都营业。② You can have any of the cakes except this one. 除了这块蛋糕,你哪块都能吃。③ She saw nothing except snow. 除了雪她什么也没看见。(2)except经常接名词、代词,也可接副词,介词短语,不带to的不定式或从句等。例如:④ She looked everywhere except here. 除了这里,她到处看。⑤ You may drop in at any time except at noon. 除了中午,你任何时候来都可以。⑥ She doesn’t do anything except sit and watch TV. 除了坐着看电视外,她什么也不做。⑦ It was a good hotel except that it was rather noisy. 这家旅馆还不错,只可惜吵。⑧ He usually goes to work by bicycle except when it rains. 除了下雨的时候,他通常骑自行车去上班。(3)except for也表示“除…以外”,指对某种基本情况进行具体的细节方面的修正。它同except的区别是:except for后接的词同句子中的整体词(主语)不是同类的,指从整体中除去一个细节,一个方面;而except后接的词同整体词(主语)一般是同类,指在同类的整体中除去一个部分。例如:All the buildings are excellent except this one.All the buildings are excellent except for their location或者All the buildings are excellent except that the place on which the buidings are built is not good. I can answer all the questions except for the last one.除了最后一题外,所有题目我都可以解答.Your writing is good except for a few grammar mistakes.除了几处语法错误外,你的作文写得很好.(4)当except用在句首时往往改用except for。例如:There was no single person in the dark street that night except a policeman on his duty.此句相当于:Except for apoliceman on his duty,there was no single person in the dark street that night.(5)作介词用法时的except后可接多种情况的介词短语。在这种情况下,except后的介词是不可省去的,except加介词的实际作用就相当于连词加相关的从句。例如:1)The weather is fine today except in the northwest.此句相当于:The weather is fine today except that it is in the northwest.2)His mother never takes any exercise except on the dance floor.此句相当于:His mother never takes any exercise except that she has a dance on the floor.

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